Seven tips for organic gardening

With organic landscaping, you take into account as much as possible the natural processes in your vegetable garden. Here you can find seven practical tips to put that principle into practice.

  1. Start modestly

The smaller your piece of land to work, the easier it is to master the biological methods. Thirty square meters is sufficient to provide enough vegetables for a family of four in the summer.

  1. Choose the right plants

In classical garden cultivation, the environment is adapted to the plant. Organic gardening assumes just the opposite: an adaptation of the plant to the soil, to the climate and to the season. Plants that are naturally adapted to their environment are less likely to fall ill.

  1. The correct acidity

The soil is too acidic from a lot of vegetable gardens. This may naturally be so, but one possible reason is that the plants have used the nutrients in the soil, or as a result of acid rain. Calming once a year in autumn or early spring is not a luxury but necessary for your garden.

  1. Crop rotation

At crop rotation, a plot gets a different crop every year. In this way the natural attackers of the vegetables get too little time to develop. In addition, the soil substances are optimally utilized with crop rotation. In practice, the vegetable garden is divided into a number of equal plots. Every year, cultivation shifts one lot.

  1. Cover the bottom

An uncovered soil is rare in nature. After all, weeds cover the soil very quickly. Vegetable waste is useful to prevent the growth of weeds. It is also possible to sow or plant another crop between the rows. This happens especially in crops that restrict the soil or only cover it late in the season. On land that is completely free, a growth fertilizer is sown: an inedible plant that only serves to cover the soil. Covering is necessary because uncovered soil loses its fertility due to rain, wind and sun.

  1. Which fertilization?

Fertilization in an organic vegetable garden can be based on compost from your own garden waste. Garden waste consists, for example, of hay, chopped pruning wood, grass clippings or leaves from the vegetable garden. Manure from home-grown animals can also be used. Uncooked vegetable and fruit remains may be used from the kitchen.

  1. Biological pesticides

Chemical pesticides are obviously out of the question in your organic garden. Choose biological remedies against plant diseases and vermin in your garden center. Biological agents work best if you use them preventively. Try to treat your plants on a hot day because heat promotes the action of biological pesticides.

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